You’re most likely aware that your phone or computer can be hacked. But did you know that your DSLR camera is also at risk? At DEF CON this year, one of the world’s largest hacking conferences, a cybersecurity company presented research which demonstrated their ability to infect a Canon EOS 80D DSLR camera with ransomware that demands bitcoin for the safe return of a users files. Their particular point of entry was through PTP/IP (picture transfer protocol over internet protocol) which enables users to transfer images over Wi-Fi instead of using USB cables.
While Canon has since released a firmware update to fix the issue and as it appears most hackers will have little success with this type of exploit the risk remains low for users. However, to be completely secure, it’s best to insert an SD camera card directly into your computer rather than transferring via Wi-Fi –it’s also much faster.
For firmware updates to Canon and other camera manufacturers: https://www.imaging-resource.com/news/2019/08/09/firmware-friday-canon-patching-dozens-of-cameras-for-security-blackmagic-ni
If your camera is not on the list, check the manufacturer’s website for updates- typically found under downloads or support menu.